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The summer season is a time for fun and relaxation, but it’s also a time when children are susceptible to a variety of illnesses. Summertime illnesses can range from mild sunburn to more serious conditions like heatstroke and tick-borne diseases. As a parent, it’s important to be aware of these risks and take steps to keep your child healthy and protected. In this blog, we’ll provide practical tips and advice for preventing summertime illnesses in children.

Sun Safety

Tips for protecting against sunburn

Sunburn is a common summertime ailment that can be prevented with proper sun safety measures. Apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to your child’s skin before going outside, and reapply every two hours or after swimming or sweating. Encourage your child to take frequent breaks.

Symptoms of heat exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is a condition that occurs when the body overheats and it can be caused by exposure to high temperatures or strenuous activity in the heat. Symptoms may include excessive sweating, dizziness, nausea, and weakness. If your child shows signs of heat exhaustion, move them to a cool area, provide fluids, and apply cool compresses.

Signs of heatstroke

Heatstroke is a more serious condition than heat exhaustion and can be life-threatening if left untreated. Symptoms may include high body temperature, confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness. If your child shows signs of heatstroke, seek emergency medical attention immediately.

How to stay cool in the heat

To prevent heat-related illnesses, encourage your child to stay cool in the heat. This can be achieved by wearing loose-fitting, lightweight clothing, staying in shaded areas, and drinking plenty of fluids. You can also use cooling devices such as misting fans or cooling towels to help your child stay comfortable.


Water Safety

Safe swimming practices

Swimming is a popular summertime activity, but it can also be dangerous if proper safety measures are not taken. Always supervise your child when they’re in or near water, and make sure they wear appropriate safety gear like life jackets. Teach your child how to swim and never leave them unsupervised.

Drowning prevention

Drowning is a leading cause of death among children, so it’s important to take steps to prevent it. Install pool fences and barriers, teach your child about water safety, and never leave your child unattended near water.

Importance of adult supervision

Adult supervision is crucial when it comes to preventing water-related accidents. Always supervise your child when they’re in or near water, and make sure there is always a designated adult who is responsible for watching them.


Insect Bites and Tick-Borne Illnesses

Preventing insect bites

Insect bites can be not only uncomfortable but also carry the risk of transmitting diseases. To prevent insect bites, use insect repellent containing DEET or picaridin, cover exposed skin with clothing, and avoid being outside during peak mosquito hours.

Tick removal and prevention

Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, so it’s important to take steps to prevent them. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants when in wooded or grassy areas, use insect repellent with at least 20% DEET, and check your child’s skin for ticks regularly.

Symptoms of tick-borne illnesses

If your child shows symptoms such as fever, rash, fatigue, or joint pain after being bitten by a tick, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately.


Food Safety

Best practices for outdoor food safety

When eating outdoors, it’s important to take steps to prevent foodborne illnesses. Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold, and avoid leaving food out in the sun for extended periods of time. Use a food thermometer to ensure that meat and poultry are cooked to a safe temperature.

Preventing foodborne illnesses

To prevent foodborne illnesses, teach your child to wash their hands frequently and avoid sharing utensils or cups with others. Make sure to properly store and prepare food, and avoid consuming unpasteurized dairy products or raw meats.


Outdoor Safety

Importance of hydration

Staying hydrated is crucial for preventing heat-related illnesses. Encourage your child to drink plenty of water throughout the day, and avoid sugary drinks or caffeinated beverages that can dehydrate the body.

Avoiding overheating

To avoid overheating, encourage your child to take breaks in shaded areas, wear lightweight clothing, and use cooling devices like misting fans or cooling towels.


Proper footwear

Wearing appropriate footwear can help prevent injuries such as cuts, scrapes, or sprains. Encourage your child to wear closed-toe shoes with a non-slip sole when participating in outdoor activities.

Sunscreen protection

Protecting your child’s skin from harmful UV rays is essential. Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to all exposed skin, and reapply every two hours or more frequently if your child is sweating or swimming.

Emergency preparedness

In case of an emergency, it’s important to be prepared. Keep a first aid kit and emergency contact information on hand, and make sure your child knows how to call for help in case of an emergency.



In summary, summertime illnesses in children can be prevented by taking simple precautions such as staying hydrated, practicing safe swimming practices, preventing insect bites and tick-borne diseases, following food safety guidelines, and taking measures to ensure outdoor safety. By implementing these tips, you can keep your child safe and healthy while enjoying all the fun that summer has to offer.

If you have any concerns about your child’s health this summer, don’t hesitate to reach out to the experts at San Antonio ENT at 210-248-4839. Our team of experienced pediatricians and ENT specialists can help diagnose and treat a wide range of summertime illnesses and injuries. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and ensure your child stays healthy and safe this summer.

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